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Dental Crown

A dental crown can be best described as a ‘cap’ which is positioned over an existing tooth to improve its appearance or strengthen it. Once properly positioned, the dental crown is most often ‘cemented’ into place and will completely cover the area of the tooth which is above the gum line.

Materials of dental crown

  • Porcelain fused to metal
  • All porcelain
  • All metal

Advantages of dental crown

  • Strengthens and protects a weakened tooth.
  • Restores a broken tooth but holding the cracked tooth together.
  • Supports to a tooth which is severely worn down.
  • Holds a dental bridge in position.
  • Be considered for cosmetic reasons such as to cover a misshapen or severely discolored tooth.

Procedure of dental crown

  • The first appointment consists of the dentist preparing the tooth for a crown, it is reduced so the crown can fit over it. An impression of teeth and gums is made and sent to the lab for the crown fabrication. A temporary crown is fitted over the tooth until the permanent crown is made
  • The second appointment, the dentist removes the temporary crown and cements the permanent crown onto the tooth. The total treatment time is usually 3 - 7 days depending on the materials of crown.

Care of dental crown
To prevent damaging or fracturing the crowns, avoid chewing hard foods, ice or other hard objects. You also want to avoid teeth grinding. Besides visiting your dentist and brushing twice a day, cleaning between your teeth is vital with crowns. Floss or interdental cleaners (specially shaped brushes and sticks) are important tools to remove plaque from the crown area where the gum meets the tooth. Plaque in that area can cause dental decay and gum disease.

Dental Bridges

A bridge is a permanent dental appliance that replaces one or more natural missing teeth and cannot be taken out of the mouth by the patient. A fixed bridge is a device that typically consists of three units - o pontic (a false tooth) fused between two crowns that are cemented onto the abutment teeth.

Materials of dental bridges

  • Porcelain fused to metal
  • All porcelain
  • All metal

Advantages of dental bridges

  • Restores your smile
  • Restores your ability to properly chew and speak
  • Maintains the shape of your face
  • Distributes the forces in your bite properly by replacing missing teeth
  • Prevents remaining teeth from drifting out of position
  • Helps preserve the natural function and position of the teeth
  • Restores and maintains natural bite

Procedure for dental bridges

  • The first appointment consists of the dentist reducing the adjacent abutment teeth that will act as anchors, then impressions are made.
  • The second appointment, the final bridge is fitted over the teeth and permanently cemented. The total treatment time is usually 3 - 7 days depending on the type of bridge.

Care of dental bridges
It is very important to keep proper oral hygiene at home by brushing and proper flossing. If you do not control the buildup of food debris and plague your teeth and gums can become infected, requiring further treatment and resulting in possible loss of the bridge to remove bacteria from hard to reach spaces between the bridge and adjacent teeth and gums floss treaders are also recommend. If you maintain optimal oral hygiene care, you can expect your fixed bridge to last as many as 8-10 years, or even longer.

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